Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Simple Darkness Activated Alarm

Most darkness activated alarms employ opamps and some logic ICs. Here, a less expensive approach is shown based on the eternal 555, this time in monostable multivibrator mode. Components R2 and C1 represent a one-second network. When the LDR (light dependent resistor) is in the dark, its resistance is high, pulling pin 2 of the 555 to ground. This triggers the monostable and the (active!) 6-volt piezo buzzer will sound. Preset P1 is adjusted depending on ambient light levels. The circuit may be fitted on a wall in your home. Assuming P1 has been set for the existing ambient light level, the shadow cast by anybody entering the room or hallway will trigger the alarm.

Circuit diagram:
Simple Darkness Activated Alarm circuit schematic

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