Tuesday, May 10, 2011

100W Quad Car Amplifier

Posted: 04 May 2011 05:59 AM PDT
This quad final amplifier is actually intended to be used in a car, but it can naturally also be used for a variety of other medium-power applications. The TDA7375A can be successfully used in all situations in which a reasonable amount of audio power is desired and only a relatively low supply voltage is available. This IC is the successor to the TDA7374B, which forms the heart of the active loudspeaker system described earlier this year. Such a quad IC amplifier is naturally an excellent choice for this application, especially since the individual amplifiers can be connected in pairs in the bridge configuration, which allows them to provide approximately four times as much power.

Quad Car Amplifier circuit diagram project schematicThe new IC can handle a peak voltage of 50 V (10 V more than the TDA7374B), but what is more important is that it is also truly intended to be used for single-ended operation. It includes all imaginable types of protection in order to avoid the premature demise of the four amplifiers, and in fact it is ideally suitable for a ‘no-nonsense’ mini surround-sound system. For more information about the TDA7375A, we refer you to its data sheet, which can be found at www.st.com. The circuit shown here has four trimpots for individually setting the output levels of the amplifiers.

Quad Car Amplifier circuit diagram project schematicIn addition, all inputs have RC networks (R1/C1, etc.) to block possible RF interference. The function of R6 is to separate the grounds of the input and output stages, in order to avoid possible ground loops that might arise with the use of multiple modules. A 5-W type is used for this resistor, in order to prevent it from going up in smoke if the ground connection of the power supply comes loose. C10 decouples the internal voltage divider, which biases the internal amplifier stages to half of the supply voltage. RC network R5/C9 provides a delayed, plop-free switch-on.

Quad Car Amplifier circuit diagram project schematicC15 and C16 are local bypass capacitors for the supply voltage. The power supply ripple rejection of the TDA7375A is approximately 50 dB. If you want to use only a transformer, bridge rectifier and smoothing capacitor for the power supply, the minimum requirement is a transformer rated at 12 V / 30 VA in combination with a 10,000-µF electrolytic capacitor (remember that the maximum allowable supply voltage is 18 V). One of the few drawbacks of this quad amplifier is that two of the channels are inverted with respect to the other two. For this reason, the polarity of each loudspeaker terminal is marked on the circuit board layout (e.g., +LS1 and –LS4) to indicate which terminal of the loudspeaker should be connected where.

Quad Car Amplifier circuit diagram project schematicRadial electrolytic capacitors rated at 3300µF/16V and having a diameter of only 12 mm are used for the output capacitors, which allows the circuit board to remain relatively compact. Our preferred type of electrolytic capacitor is a member of the Rubycon ZL series, which can handle no less than 3.4 A of ripple current. The maximum current consumption of the circuit with all four channels driven to the clipping level (with 4-Ω loads) is approximately 2.1 A. The TDA7375A can also be used with 2-Ω loads. However, in this case the internal temperature rises considerably, since the Multiwatt 15V package has a rather large thermal impedance of 1.8 ºC/W.

In the interest of the service life of the IC, it is thus a good idea to use a somewhat larger heat sink. A 4 A/T fuse has been selected in consideration of possible 2-Ω operation. If you limit the load to 4 Ω, the fuse value can be reduced to 2 A/T. The output terminals of the amplifiers can be found on the circuit board next to the associated electrolytic capacitors. The related ground connections for LS1 and LS2 are located next to the LS1 and LS2 terminals, but the ground connections for LS3 and LS4 are located on the left, next to the IC, since this gives the best current paths on the circuit board and the least distortion. Vertical car connectors (spade terminals) are used for the power supply connections.

  • R1-R4 = 100Ω
  • R5 = 10kΩ
  • R6 = 0Ω1, 5W
  • P1-P4 = 10 k preset
  • C1,C3,C5,C7 = 15nF
  • C2,C4,C6,C8 = 220nF
  • C9 = 10µF 63V radial
  • C10 = 47µF 25V radial
  • C11-C14 = 3300µF 16V
  • C15 = 100nF
  • C16 = 1000µF 25V radial, max. diameter 13mm
  • IC1 = TDA7375A (ST)
  • F1 = fuse, 4A/T (time lag), with PCB mount holder 2 fast-on (spade) terminal, male, vertical, solder type (2-pin version)
Measurement results
  • Supply voltage = 14.4 V
  • Quiescent current = 100 mA
  • Pmax. (0.1% THD) = 4 x 5.3 W/ 4Ω
  • Input sensitivity = (5.2 W/4 Ω) 0.5 V
  • THD+N (B = 80 kHz, 1 kHz 1W/4 Ω) = < 0.04 % Bandwidth = 28 Hz to 55 kHz

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